Meteorological observations are carried out by LEGMC at 33 observation stations (1 station per 1500km2), which are stationary and located over the territory of Latvia. Stations location is optimal to provide a sufficiently detailed description of Latvia weather conditions and climate. The density of national observation network is regulated by international standards.

23 observation stations are equipped with automatic device and corresponding software for data measurement and observation processing and transmission to the database. In these stations observational program is being developed in accordance with the observation station tasks and technical possibilities: 7 stations are working in continuous working mode by manual observations, 3 stations - two terms working mode by manual observations and 13 stations – continuous working mode only by automatic observations.

10 stations are carried out only spatial variable meteorological element observations – atmospheric precipitation, snow cover and certain atmospheric phenomena.